2020/07/22 (WED)

「ケアする男性性と家庭内役割:東アジア5都市の調査から(Caring Masculinity and Men's Familial Roles:A Comparison among Five East Asian Cities)」

OBJECTIVE.

ブラウンバックセミナー

「ケアする男性性と家庭内役割:東アジア5都市の調査から(Caring Masculinity and Men's Familial Roles:A Comparison among Five East Asian Cities)」

日時:2020年6月25日(木)12:30~13:20
講師:石井クンツ昌子 特任教授(立教大学)
使用言語:英語

The lecture started out with the professor’s childhood which led to her curiosity in gender studies.
The two questions about gender that she had were 1)why is her father taking care of his children instead of her mother whereas mothers did care-taking roles in most of households? and 2) why do elementary students select color of their backpacks known as ‘Randseru’ in Japanese based on gender (boys in black and girls in red)? Now that I look back on the day when I chose my Randseru,
I went for a dark pink one simply because it looked cute to me. Also I am aware that gender image in color is still engraved in my brain although I have learned about gender bias in sociology.
Additionally, the most memorable part of the lecture was that among five major cities in East Asia such as Seoul, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Taipei, and Tokyo, people in Tokyo had the widest income gap between men and women compared with other four cities. Japan is known for one of the most developed countries, yet, the fact that the widest gap was observed is quite shocking. For Japan to become the gender-equal country, we have a long way to go, however, little by little, the perspectives toward gender within the country is changing. As the professor researched men in the care-taking field, we need to think and discuss from both men and womens’ perspectives on gender for gender equality although we tend to think only from our own genders . Lastly, I would like to thank Professor Ishii and faculty staff at the department of sociology for creating a place where I could gain knowledge and new perspectives! Akari Uejo

文責:上條茜里

The Objectives of Professor Masako Ishii-Kuntz were to compare 5 countries, which are Tokyo, Seoul, Taipei, Shanghai to find similarities and differences of sociodemographic characteristics, attitudes, and caregiving activities among men, and to examine the factors affecting men’s family caregiving role.

We could see that there is international difference in the categories of basic face sheet questions such as income, working hours, ages, but what was surprising is that in descriptive statistics of key variables such as competitiveness at work, views toward women at work and suicidal thoughts, we could rank them in the range from highest to lowest level. Although it is true that Tokyo has bad reputation of gender equality internationally, Tokyo is ranked as having least competitiveness at work, least traditional views toward women at work, and least traditional gender ideology.
She synthesized those results and explained to us that domestic chores frequency and child care frequency are the results of competitiveness at work, vies of women at the workplace, view of labor division by gender at home, followed by social status.

As of her conclusion, on the contrary to our expectations, men from all 5 cities answered that a traditional view toward women in the workplace is the factor of doing housework. Professor Ishii-Kuntz explained this phenomena using “Super man syndrome”, where men think that they do their best in both work and housework, because they don’t want to be beaten by female in the workplace and they don’t want to rely on women at home. She concluded that this is described as more like hegemonic masculinity than caring masculinity. Furthermore, the men who have lower age for the youngest child are more likely to involve in childcare among these 5 cities.

These are not the only causes of gender equality in housework and workplaces, so she also mentioned the possibilities of future research, considering historical and cultural variations in men’s roles in 5 cities as well.

文責:沼倉江里